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Salt Marsh Cord Grass is the dominant grass in most E. U.S. salt marshes.

Saltmarsh cord grass 2810-19.jpg  Spartina alterniflora

Smooth Cord Grass (Spartina alterniflora)

Smooth cord grass roots and ribbed mussels keep the winter waves from eroding the marsh.

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Smooth Cord Grass

Phragmites looks nice, but it can be invasive and take over the marsh.

Phragmites x015-88.jpg  Common Reed - Phragmites australis


Salt marsh flowers

Salt marsh shrubs

Salt Marsh Grasses

Grasses dominate most salt marshes.

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Smooth Cord Grass (Spartina alterniflora)

Salt Hay is a common grass of the high marsh

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Salt Hay (Spartina patens)

Salt Grass is the other common grass of the high marsh

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Salt Grass (Distichilis spicata)

Common Reed or Phragmites is the tallest grass. The reed we see most often is native to the Old World and has become a serious weed.

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Common reed - Phragmites australis

External links to more information:

  • Smooth Cord Grass - Spartina alterniflora
  • Guide to Plants and Animals in New Hampshire Salt Marshes (NH)
  • Salt Marsh Vegetation - Arcata Marsh (CA)